This article gets close to the really key point that needs to be addressed by society in the advent of labour-saving automation and AI technologies.
What we're about to see is a massive wealth redistribution from the capital poor to the capital rich. Taxi drivers are perhaps the best example of an impact that will be seen in many industries as automation and AI really bites into the job market.
Independent taxi firms or individual drivers create little capital value in their Enterprises, but instead enjoy a profitable business today that creates income (which they can save, or buy appreciating assets, such as houses in order to build capital). Their industry is going to be decimated by autonomous vehicles, which are going to be sold or leased to firms such as Uber who concentrate capital wealth distributed to their investors.
For UBI to function, there needs to be a mechanism to tax the capital wealth that is created at the cost of the loss of income. Globalisation demands that this needs to be some supra-national tax regime, else there would be no recourse to raise taxes outside of the domicile of the provider (in Uber's case, the U.S.).
But while UBI might compensate the taxi driver for their loss of income, can it ever enable them to build capital wealth? Could the consumer finance industry support the notion that an individual's income is not tied to their productive labour, and if it could; would this even be a desirable outcome?
We need to find a way to avoid a digital-feudalism where the poor pawn their existence and lose the social mobility they have fought so hard for over the last three centuries. We also need to find a way of not relying soley on the philanthropy of successful entrepreneurs to achieve societal change.
It's not AI that is the threat to society, but those who seek to leverage it's potential to 'game' the game of life better than previously possible. Marx would turn in his grave if he realised that the greatest exploitation of the worker was actually taking away his work and 'compensating' him for doing so.
This transformation will result in enormous profits for the companies that develop A.I., as well as for the companies that adopt it. Imagine how much money a company like Uber would make if it used only robot drivers. Imagine the profits if Apple could manufacture its products without human labor. Imagine the gains to a loan company that could issue 30 million loans a year with virtually no human involvement. (As it happens, my venture capital firm has invested in just such a loan company.)